A mumps outbreak outside of a university setting has also emerged in Washington’s King County
, where the number of confirmed and probable cases in the town of Auburn has reached 31, with another 10 cases under investigation. Local officials said that 20 of those infected are children between the ages of 5 and 17 years of age and all were vaccinated for the virus.
Additionally, new mumps cases in the Dallas-area Cleburne Independent School District
and Keene Independent School District
, along with confirmed cases in four Dallas County adults, prompted a health advisory
from Texas state health officials.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) notes that two doses of the MMR vaccine
have an 88% effectiveness rate in preventing the infection, while one dose is about 78% effective. Under the CDC-recommended course for the MMR vaccine, children should receive their first shot at 12 through 15 months of age, and their second shot at four through six years of age. Individuals with mumps infections can spread the virus through coughing, sneezing, or talking, by sharing items such as cups and eating utensils, and by touching objects or surfaces with unwashed hands. Typically, symptoms appear within 16 to 18 days of infection, though they can appear within 12 to 25 days. Although the vaccine is not 100% effective at preventing mumps infections, health officials say it is still the best way to prevent infection with the virus and stops much larger outbreaks from occurring.
You can keep up-to-date on this and other outbreaks through Contagion’s Outbreak Monitor
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