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ARTICLE

Exploring Strategies to Control Neglected Tropical Diseases

OCT 18, 2016 | NICOLA M. PARRY, BVSC, MRCVS, MSC, DIPACVP

Veterinary public health measures

The concept of One Health acknowledges the link between human health, animal health, and the environment. This approach has also been recognized as a major strategy for zoonotic disease control, and has been successfully used in several disease areas: to control rabies in people in Latin America, KwaZulu-Natal, the Philippines, and Bali, using rabies vaccination in dogs; and to control sleeping sickness in people in Uganda, using vector control by spraying cattle to selectively kill the tsetse fly, together with chemotherapy of the cattle reservoir.

Water and sanitation

Clean and safe water, sanitation, and hygiene are critical for control of and elimination of NTDs such as schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiases. However, provision of clean and safe water in some remote areas where such NTDs are most prevalent is challenging, and help from other sectors is essential. “Engagement of the water, sanitation, and hygiene sector and the inclusion of NTDs within this framework, reflects a holistic policy approach within the SDG goals,” the authors say.
 
“Increased investment for NTDs will improve the wellbeing of vulnerable groups, which together with improvements in water, sanitation, hygiene, and education, are appropriate links to many of the SDGs [Sustainable Development Goals],” they conclude.
 
Dr. Parry graduated from the University of Liverpool, England in 1997 and is a board-certified veterinary pathologist. After 13 years working in academia, she founded Midwest Veterinary Pathology, LLC where she now works as a private consultant. She is passionate about veterinary education and serves on the Indiana Veterinary Medical Association’s Continuing Education Committee. She regularly writes continuing education articles for veterinary organizations and journals, and has also served on the American College of Veterinary Pathologists’ Examination Committee and Education Committee. 
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