Two of the study’s authors, Sarah K. Parker, MD, associate professor of pediatric infectious diseases and medical director of antimicrobial stewardship at Children’s Hospital Colorado, and Amanda Hurst, antimicrobial stewardship and infectious disease clinical pharmacist at Children’s Hospital Colorado, discussed their recent findings with ContagionTM
What are the particular challenges to implementing antibiotic stewardship in a pediatric hospital versus a general hospital?
: Infections are more common in children. Previously [healthy] children suffer from ear infections, pneumonia, bone and joint infections, urinary tract infections and skin and soft tissue infections more than adults do, for example. Because these infections occur in previously [healthy] children, we use less sophisticated antibiotics, but these need review too. So we need to review more antibiotics in pediatrics to have an impact on overall use.
Although this is true in a pediatric hospital, we share the challenges that a general hospital has as well, including finding the bandwidth to review use, build guidelines, and communicate recommendations.
Can you talk a bit about managing antibiotic resistance in young patients?
Luckily, in pediatric [hospitals] we do not yet have the problems observed in adult hospitals in regards to resistant infections and Clostridium difficile
infections. That said, the problem is increasing and is heartbreaking when we have difficulty treating an infection due to resistance. Our program is designed to be proactive, to try to avoid worsening resistance. While resistance has risen across pediatrics nationwide, it has not risen here, we think [this is] due to our vigilance regarding antibiotic use. We are one of the most judicious [antibiotic prescribers] in the country for a freestanding pediatric hospital.
Pediatric centers that are struggling with increasing resistance are oftentimes forced to use multiple antibiotics to treat just one bug, and unfortunately those antibiotics have more side effects than the antibiotics you use to treat bugs that aren’t resistant.
What makes handshake stewardship a good approach for a children’s hospital?
Most stewardship programs provide their recommendations over the phone or by a messaging system, whereas Handshake Stewardship is a more personal and interactive approach. It encourages dialogue, which is better for patients. It also allows our team to have empathy with providers in a way that traditional stewardship does not, and the providers see us as helpful, rather than as judgmental. This approach is great in a pediatric hospital because pediatricians are very dialogue- and team-oriented, but it would also be a great approach in an adult hospital!
This in-person approach to feedback also offers an opportunity to provide education to new practitioners, while also commending seasoned providers on their thoughtful antibiotic choices.
The Children’s Hospital Colorado study sets an example for hospitals looking to implement an antibiotic stewardship program, which can incorporate that staff’s own expertise along with the core elements
of antibiotic stewardship developed by the CDC, including leadership commitment, accountability, drug expertise, tracking and reporting, among others.
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