#3: How China's AMR Outbreak Revealed the Changing Landscape of Infection Control
Infection prevention in healthcare can often feel like a mixed bag of reminding people to do things they already know (ie, hand hygiene, isolation, etc.), and the sheer awe at the unique weirdness that comes with patient care. There is rarely a week that goes by where I fail to mutter “well, you don’t see that every day.” A multitude of challenges exists within patient care and medicine, whether it is antimicrobial stewardship, disinfection, the use of personal protective equipment, or environmental cleaning. And, in the past few years, highly resistant organisms and high consequence pathogens, such as Ebola and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), have gotten thrown into the mix as well.
A focus on much of this information was heightened recently, with the news of a highly resistant and hypervirulent strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) wreaking havoc in a Chinese hospital. This particular strain impacted 5 ventilator-dependent patients, all of whom subsequently died. The strain had genes that made it both hypervirulent and highly resistant to antibiotics. All five patients were receiving treatment in the ICU and experienced severe pneumonia as a result of ventilation, which led to the K. pneumoniae infection. A study on the bacteria, published in The Lancet, noted that this highly resistant strain poses a substantial threat, not only because of its resistance and virulence, but also its increased transmissibility.
Read more about the outbreak, here
#2: Zika Virus News Update: Three New Things You Should Know
Every day, researchers from around the globe are making advancements when it comes to better understanding Zika, a virus that poses a great threat to pregnant mothers and their unborn children. In this update, we’ve compiled some of the latest news associated with the mosquito-borne virus that has been revealed this past week.
#1: Zika Transmission Depends on Time Spent Outdoors
A recent study conducted by researchers from Northeastern University in Boston and the University of Miami explored the link between Zika transmission and how much time individuals spend outdoors. The researchers surveyed 270 individuals who reside in Miami-Dade, Florida, an area that has been heavily hit with Zika virus in the past. Using a computational model to evaluate “how Zika transmission dynamics related to time spent outdoors,” the researchers found that time residents spent outside were “highly variable,” according to the recent PLOS
press release. The majority of the individuals surveyed reported spending <2 hours a day outside. However, that was not the case for everyone; there was a small percentage of individuals who reported spending as long as 10 hours outside per day.
To read the rest of the list, go here