Ultraviolet-C light is able to neutralize the harmful levels of benzalkonium chloride found in many disinfectants, making them safer to use.
A recent study conducted by investigators from the University of Waterloo has discovered that applying germicidal ultraviolet-C (UVC) light to common disinfectants could make them safer to use and could also help them to better fight COVID-19.
Results from the study were published in the journal Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology.
"With concerns about the spread of COVID-19, people are utilizing products with BAK as an active ingredient more than ever," Manlong Xu, lead author on the study said. "For many industries, there is the demand to improve the efficacy of standard disinfect ion procedures, while also keeping in mind any potential negative impact on the environment."
Benzalkonium chloride (BAK), one of the most common active ingredients in many disinfectants that are used in households, food processing plants and hospitals, cannot be used in high concentrations due to its toxicity.
However, in order to protect against harmful viruses and bacteria, high concentrations of BAK are needed, and the residue can harm the environment and people.
For the study, investigators exposed a BAK solution to UVC lamps and then applied the solution to cultured human corneal cells. After 5 minutes, they analyzed the cells for metabolic activity, as well as viability, and found that the BAK solution was neutralized by the UVC and did not harm the cells.
"Our results show that a disinfecting procedure using BAK followed by UVC radiation can minimize the harmful effect of BAK residues on humans and the environment," David McCanna of Waterloo's Department of Optometry & Vision Science said. "Such a procedure also has a great potential to maximize the disinfection efficacy by utilizing two different antimicrobial mechanisms. As the pandemic continues, our findings are especially important as it provides another method to make our hospitals, food, homes, and the environment safer."