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ARTICLE

Farm to Table: How Antibiotic Use in Agriculture Affects Human Health

NOV 01, 2016 | MICHAEL D. NAILOR, PHARMD, BCPS-AQ ID, AND EMILY L. HEIL, PHARMD, BCPS-AQ ID
Healthcare providers should continue to educate both the public and elected officials regarding the problems of growing antibiotic resistance and mechanisms that contribute to it. They should also advocate for stronger regulations regarding the use of antibiotics in animals grown for human consumption, fund research into alter­native agriculture practices that do not use antibiotics and the ongoing impact of antibiotics in agriculture on human health, and provide incentives to develop new antibiotics, particularly from novel antibiotics classes not derived from nature.
 
Michael Nailor, PharmD, BCPS-AQ ID, holds a joint position as a clinical associate professor at the University of Connecticut School of Pharmacy and clinical specialist in infectious diseases at Hartford Hospital. Dr. Nailor also is the director of the Hartford Hospital Infectious Diseases Residency Program.
 
Emily Heil, PharmD, BCPS-AQ ID, is an assistant professor in the Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science at the University of Maryland School of Pharmacy. She also serves as the coordinator of the Antimicrobial Stewardship Program at the University of Maryland Medical Center.
REFERENCES
1. Aitken SL, Dilworth TJ, Heil EL, Nailor MD. Agricultural applications for antimicrobials. A danger to human health: an official position statement of the Society of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists. Pharma­cotherapy 2016;36(4):422-32. doi: 10.1002/phar.1737.
2. Guidance for Industry #213: new animal drugs and new animal drug combination products administered in or on medicated feed or drinking water of food-producing animals: recommendations for drug sponsors for voluntarily aligning product use conditions with GFI #209. FDA website. fda.gov/downloads/animalveterinary/guid­ancecomplianceenforcement/guidanceforindustry/ucm299624.pdf. Published December 2013. Accessed July 6, 2016.
3. FDA. Veterinary feed directive. Federal Register website. https:// www.federalregister.gov/articles/2015/06/03/2015-13393/veteri­nary-feed-directive. Published June 3, 2015. Accessed July 6, 2016
 

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