Study Finds Most Asymptomatic COVID-19 Patients Were Not Infectious
These study findings suggest COVID-19 admission testing may not be necessary in hospitals, as most asymptomatic COVID-19 patients were not infectious.
Antibacterial Supply Patterns Demonstrate Shortages, Access Issues to Therapies
With limited amounts of antibacterials, prescribers are presented with optimal therapy challenges as well as difficulties in trying to achieve stewardship.
Decreasing Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing for Viral Upper Respiratory Infections
Reducing unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions for viral upper respiratory tract infections is crucial to stop the spread of antimicrobial resistance.
Vancomycin as Secondary Prophylaxis to Prevent Recurrent C diff Infection
2 CDI recurrences occurred in this study, both in placebo recipients who were immunocompromised.
Fewer MRSA Cases When Facilities Practice Surveillance and Contact Precautions
The Veterans Administration reported a reduction in the bacterial infection in healthcare settings where infection prevention practices were continued.
Can Utilizing an Electronic Health Record Improve C difficile Patient Outcomes?
This study implemented an Electronic Health Record in a major hospital system to catch otherwise undetected C diff infections.
SHEA Publishes Updated Resource to Prevent CDI in Healthcare Settings
The epidemiology society worked with a few medical organizations to update the guidance to limit infections.
Antimicrobial Stewardship Education Reduces Antibiotic Prescriptions in COVID-19 Patients
Antimicrobial stewardship efforts, such as education for healthcare providers, significantly decreased community-acquired pneumonia antibiotic prescriptions in COVID-19 patients.
Fidaxomicin Versus Vancomycin for Clostridioides Difficile Treatment
Concomitant antibiotic (CA) use for infection treatment is a major risk factor for recurrent C difficile infection. One SHEA 2022 study examined whether fidaxomicin or vancomycin would be more beneficial for CA patients.
Examining COVID-19 Breakthrough Infections by Type of Vaccine Received
A study presented at the SHEA 2022 conference determined how common and severe breakthrough infections were for Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, and Janssen COVID-19 vaccine recipients.
Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs: What Does it Take to Keep Up With Evidence-Based Leading Practices?
A survey’s results show updating programs is largely dependent on resources and dedicated personnel.
COVID-19 Risk Factors, Broken Down by Occupation
An examination of COVID-19 infections by occupation found that most cases occurred in people who worked in management and healthcare, and COVID-19 death rates were highest among building/grounds cleaning and maintenance employees.
The Same Hospitals Repeatedly Over-Prescribe Antibiotics
A study found that hospital providers who prescribe unnecessarily high rates of antibiotics are likely to continue doing so over time.
Examining Antibiotic Use During End of Life
A large veterans health administration study estimated antibiotic use during the last 6 months of life for patients under hospice or palliative care.
Robust Association Between Antibiotics and C Difficile Infection, Even in Outpatient Settings
The risk of a community-acquired C difficile infection was 7-fold higher for outpatients with antibiotic exposure.
How the COVID-19 Pandemic Affected Hospital Antimicrobial Use
During the COVID-19 pandemic, use of community-acquired pneumonia antibiotics increased significantly, while relative utilization of carbapenems decreased.
Surveilling for COVID-19 Among Healthcare Workers Following Vaccination
Results from the study data reinforce the need to adhere to public health measures by people who have been vaccinated.
Confirming a COVID-19 Reinfection Using Whole Genome Sequencing
While RT-PCR testing is difficult for confirming a reinfection with the virus, whole genome sequencing may be a more reliable measure.
Antimicrobial Stewardship During the Time of COVID-19
Antimicrobials were commonly prescribed during the first wave of the pandemic, and clinicians were successfully guided by antimicrobial stewardship programs.
Examining COVID-19 Transmission After First-Dose of Vaccine in LTCF
Increased facility-level vaccine coverage amongst residents and staff was associated with lower cases in the latter population.
Improving Urine Collection Poses Opportunity for Diagnostic Stewardship in Primary Care
More than half of urine cultures were found to be contaminated and 1 in 5 of the patients were prescribed an antibiotic.
Communication in Hospital-Based Antimicrobial Stewardship
Social identity plays an important role in how antimicrobial stewards see their roles and influences how they communicated with prescribers.
OASIS Intervention Reduces Days of Antibiotic Therapy in Nursing Homes
An intervention involving improved communication and antibiotic timeouts in nursing homes reduced the days of antibiotic therapy, according to a recent study.
Discontinuing Contact Precautions for MRSA, VRE Did Not Affect HAI Rates, Study Finds
The aggregated average HAI rates before and after discontinuing contact precautions were 0.14 and 0.15 MRSA HAI/1000 patient days, 0.06 and 0.04 VRE HAI/1000 patient days, and 0.04 and 0.03 MRSA LabID events/100 admissions.
Takeaways From a 10-Year Mandatory Influenza Vaccine Program for Health Care Workers
The rate of health care-associated influenza cases per season decreased from a median of 16.8 cases pre-policy rollout to 5.2 cases post-policy rollout at a large pediatric hospital.
Are Non-Sporicidal Wipes Effective in Preventing Spread of Candida Auris?
Non-sporicidal cleansers are commonly used to disinfect surfaces in the hospital rooms of patients with C auris colonization or infection, but are they efficacious?
These 5 Factors Are Associated with Candida auris Colonization in Nursing Homes
Investigators in New York state, which has the largest burden of C auris colonization in the US, used 12 point prevalence surveys at 6 nursing homes to identify 60 cases and 218 controls.
Can Stethoscopes Transmit Multidrug-Resistant Bacterial Pathogens?
In a South Korean study of contaminated stethoscopes, 23% were confirmed to have at least 1 potential multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogen.
Are Prediction Risk Scores Matching up with Rapid Diagnostics?
Julie Ann Justo, PharmD, MS, BCPS-AQ ID, provides examples from her institution about using prediction scores and rapid diagnostic scores in concert.
Appropriate Treatment for Asymptomatic Bacteriuria
Barbara Wells Trautner, MD, PhD, explains the difference between asymptomatic bacteriuria and urinary tract infections.
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