Rachel is a longtime contributor to Contagion, HCP Live and MD Magazine. She frequently covers C diff, coronavirus and other infectious diseases.
CDC Recommends Update to Hepatitis C Virus Screening
The CDC made this recommendation after reviewing relevant literature, and noting that complete testing jumped from about only two-thirds of patients to nearly all patients.
Mpox Cases Could Surge through the Summer
Even if a patient has been vaccinated or previously infected, clinicians should still consider mpox if a patient presents with rash, the paper suggested.
COVID-19 Vaccines Bridge Socioeconomic Disparities in Pandemic Impact, CDC Study Shows
This study analyzed 81 communities in Los Angeles and found that once vaccines became widely available, there was no significant difference in COVID-19 incidence between communities of varying income levels.
Males Have Greater Drug Overdose Mortality Than Females
The nationally-representative sample showed mortality was greater in males even after controlling for levels of misuse.
The Link Between "Brain Fog" and Long COVID
Patients who perceived brain fog within 4 weeks of COVID-19 infection were twice as likely to report symptoms of long COVID than patients without cognitive deficits.
COVID-19, Herpes, and Flu Virus Easily Susceptible to Soap
Non-enveloped viruses were resistant to all types of wash products and duration tested, including synthetic soaps, such as the ones typically used in hospitals.
How Social Determinants of Health Affect Premature Deaths in Racial and Ethnic Groups
The differences in unfavorable social determinants of health among Black and White adults explains the differences in premature mortality rates, the study authors wrote.
COVID-19 Plus CMV Leads to Greater Cardiovascular Risks
COVID-19 and CMV coinfection caused the premature aging of immune systems, leading to a greater risk of cardiovascular disease at an earlier age, the study authors said.
Comparing Venous Thromboembolism in COVID-19 and Non-COVID-19 Hospitalized Patients
Anticoagulant treatment for 3 to 6 months was sufficient for the majority of COVID-19 patients with venous thromboembolism, the study authors found.
Testing 2 Monoclonal Antibodies to Treat COVID-19 Symptoms
COVID-19 patients treated with the monoclonal antibodies tixagevimab and cilgavimab had few hospitalizations but no deaths.
COVID-19 Infection Makes Dementia Worse
The study authors wanted to further understand post-COVID-19 infection “brain fog” and sought a new name for the phenomenon.
Wastewater Can Mobilize and Develop Antibiotic Resistant Genes
The investigators compared sources of antibiotic resistant genes in human, animal, soil, water/sediment, and wastewater treatment plants.
Gut Diseases Increase After COVID-19 Infection and Hospitalization
Investigators determined there is a modest increased risk of long-term gastrointestinal symptoms and IBS following COVID-19 infection.
Risk of Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) Low Among Covid-19 Patients
Risk factors for VTE among COVID-19 patients included age greater than 55 years, male gender, a history of thrombophilia, and obesity.
Using Proton-Pump Inhibitors Increased Risk of Acquiring Drug-Resistant Enterobacterales
A third to a half of PPIs are overprescribed, potentially leading to an increased risk of the colonization with drug-resistant microorganisms.
Diet of Mother’s Milk Versus Formula Has No Effect on Preterm Infant Microbiome
For preterm infants, clinical outcomes from microbial mechanisms are not affected by a diet of only human milk compared to bovine milk formulas or fortifiers.
Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs Can Reduce Consumption
Antimicrobial stewardship programs can protect drugs listed on the WHO Watch List, but the benefits are also dependent on countries' income level.
The Link Between Early COVID-19 Infection and Alcohol Use Disorder Diagnoses
It seems likely that stress, anxiety, and isolation could be factors, but have not yet been definitively determined, the study authors said.
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor B Antagonism Fights Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
This finding, in addition to published clinical data, suggests VEGF-B signaling may play a significant role in human non-alcoholic fatty liver disease pathophysiology.
Finding the Source of Gut Microbiome Transmissions
The microbiome may be a source of future investigation and modulation approaches, the study authors wrote.
Omicron Variant of COVID-19 Linked to Worse Maternal Outcome in Pregnant Women
“Vaccination coverage among pregnant women remains a priority,” the study authors noted.
New Investigational Therapies for Hepatitis B Virus
Therapies to reach a functional cure for hepatitis B virus may differ among the phases of hepatitis B, including new antiviral agents and immunomodulatory strategies, the study authors predicted.
If Priced Right, Long-Acting Injectable Cabotegravir Could Reduce Spread of HIV
For this to be a viable HIV reduction strategy, scale-up demand creation should be coordinated between all partners, the study authors said, and should be fast enough to build momentum and yield the expected results.
Recent Flu Updates from the CDC
All regions are experiencing influenza-like illness levels above the baseline, the CDC said.
CDC Outlines Best Practices for Priorix for MMR Vaccination
Priorix and M-M-R II are fully interchangeable vaccines to protect against measles, mumps, and rubella, the CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices said.
Breakthrough Therapy Bulevirtide was Safe, Effective, and Improved Quality of Life for Hepatitis Patients
Three posters on the subject were presented at The Liver Meeting and were among the meeting’s key presentation highlights called “Best of the Liver Meeting.”
Automatic Letters Help Boost Screenings for Hepatitis C
About a third of veterans who received a letter to get tested for hepatitis C did so, according to a study by the Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System.
Quantifying HIV Stigma Among Hispanic and Latino Populations
The study authors called eliminating barriers to HIV care and treatment a national priority.
Prevymis Effective in Preventing CMV in Adults Post-Transplant
Prevymis showed less leukopenia and neutropenia compared to valganciclovir during the trial.
Hepatitis A Vaccination Efforts Can Reduce Spread
Hepatitis A infections occurred almost exclusively among adults in states with outbreaks.
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